Current concepts. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
As a long-term dialysis therapy, CAPD has attractive features for use in children (in whom access to the circulation and immobility are often problems), adults in whom blood access is difficult, patients with diabetes, patients prone to hypotension, and patients seeking independence from a machine or medical facility. CAPD and related procedures are still evolving and improving. Efforts to reduce the rates of peritonitis are ongoing and should decrease the rates of treatment dropout and increase the use of this alternative method of dialysis. Continued research toward improvements in catheter configuration and connection devices and the tailoring of technique to meet the particular needs of patients have made peritoneal dialysis an acceptable replacement therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease. Neither peritoneal dialysis nor hemodialysis is the superior long-term dialysis therapy for all patients; the choice depends on numerous medical, social, geographic, and life-style considerations.