Homologous boosting with adenoviral serotype 5 HIV vaccine (rAd5) vector can boost antibody responses despite preexisting vector-specific immunity in a randomized phase I clinical trial.

Publication Type
Journal Article
Year of Publication
Sarwar, Uzma N; Novik, Laura; Enama, Mary E; Plummer, Sarah A; Koup, Richard A; Nason, Martha C; Bailer, Robert T; McDermott, Adrian B; Roederer, Mario; Mascola, John R; Ledgerwood, Julie E; Graham, Barney S; VRC 015 study team
PLoS One
Date Published
Adenoviridae; Adolescent; Adult; AIDS Vaccines; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Genetic Vectors; HIV Antibodies; Humans; Middle Aged; Young Adult

BACKGROUND: Needle-free delivery improves the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines but is also associated with more local reactogenicity. Here we report the first comparison of Biojector and needle administration of a candidate rAd5 HIV vaccine.

METHODS: Thirty-one adults, 18-55 years, 20 naive and 11 prior rAd5 vaccine recipients were randomized to receive single rAd5 vaccine via needle or Biojector IM injection at 1010 PU in a Phase I open label clinical trial. Solicited reactogenicity was collected for 5 days; clinical safety and immunogenicity follow-up was continued for 24 weeks.

RESULTS: Overall, injections by either method were well tolerated. There were no serious adverse events. Frequency of any local reactogenicity was 16/16 (100%) for Biojector compared to 11/15 (73%) for needle injections. There was no difference in HIV Env-specific antibody response between Biojector and needle delivery. Env-specific antibody responses were more than 10-fold higher in subjects receiving a booster dose of rAd5 vaccine than after a single dose delivered by either method regardless of interval between prime and boost.

CONCLUSIONS: Biojector delivery did not improve antibody responses to the rAd5 vaccine compared to needle administration. Homologous boosting with rAd5 gene-based vectors can boost insert-specific antibody responses despite pre-existing vector-specific immunity.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00709605 NCT00709605.