Wait list status of pediatric dialysis patients in North America.
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for the majority of pediatric patients with end-stage kidney disease. Previous studies demonstrating racial or gender disparities in access to the deceased donor transplant list could not evaluate the impact of medical concerns or patient preference on waitlist status. We undertook a retrospective cohort study using the NAPRTCS registry to begin to determine barriers to wait list registration for kidney transplantation among pediatric dialysis patients. Clinical and demographic factors were compared in listed vs. non-listed patients. Reasons cited for not listing patients were examined by clinical and demographic factors. At dialysis initiation, 88.7% of pediatric dialysis patients were not on the renal transplant wait list. Twelve months after dialysis initiation, 67.1% of pediatric dialysis patients were not on the wait list. The groups least likely to be on the wait list were infants (adjusted OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.16, 0.32) and girls (adjusted OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.67, 0.90) after adjusting for multiple confounders. The reason most often cited for not listing was medical reason for young infants and that the transplant workup was pending for girls. Further study is needed to identify barriers to wait list registration.