Evaluation of intravenous immunoglobulin as an agent to lower allosensitization and improve transplantation in highly sensitized adult patients with end-stage renal disease: report of the NIH IG02 trial.

Publication Type
Journal Article
Year of Publication
Jordan, Stanley C; Tyan, Dolly; Stablein, Don; McIntosh, Matthew; Rose, Steve; Vo, Ashley; Toyoda, Mieko; Davis, Connie; Shapiro, Ron; Adey, Deborah; Milliner, Dawn; Graff, Ralph; Steiner, Robert; Ciancio, Gaetano; Sahney, Shobah; Light, Jimmy
J Am Soc Nephrol
Date Published
2004 Dec
Adult; Aged; Antibody Specificity; Female; Graft Rejection; Graft Survival; HLA Antigens; Humans; Immunoglobulins, Intravenous; Isoantibodies; Kidney Failure, Chronic; kidney transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Survival Rate; Transplantation, Homologous; Treatment Outcome

Reported are the reduction of anti-HLA antibody levels and improvement of transplant rates by intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Between 1997 and 2000, a total of 101 adult patients with ESRD who were highly sensitized to HLA antigens (panel reactive antibody [PRA] > or =50% monthly for 3 mo) enrolled onto an NIH-sponsored trial (IG02). Patients received IVIG or placebo. Subjects received IVIG 2 g/kg monthly for 4 mo or an equivalent volume of placebo with additional infusions at 12 and 24 mo after entry if not transplanted. If transplanted, additional infusions were given monthly for 4 mo. Baseline PRA levels were similar in both groups. However, IVIG significantly reduced PRA levels in study subjects compared with placebo. Sixteen IVIG patients (35%) and eight placebo patients (17%) were transplanted. Rejection episodes occurred in 9 of 17 IVIG and 1 of 10 placebo subjects. Seven graft failures occurred (four IVIG, three placebo) among adherent patients with similar 2-yr graft survival rates (80% IVIG, 75% placebo). With a median follow-up of 2 yr after transplant, the viable transplants functioned normally with a mean +/- SEM serum creatinine of 1.68 +/- 0.28 for IVIG versus 1.28 +/- 0.13 mg/dl for placebo. Adverse events rates were similar in both groups. We conclude that IVIG is better than placebo in reducing anti-HLA antibody levels and improving transplantation rates in highly sensitized patients with ESRD. Transplant rates for highly sensitized patients with ESRD awaiting kidney transplants are improved with IVIG therapy.