Timing and characteristics of multiple peritonitis episodes: a report of the National CAPD Registry.
Patterns of recurrent peritonitis episodes were examined in 6,335 new continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients entered into the National CAPD Registry. Forty-six percent of all peritonitis episodes were initial occurrences, with 8% of the patients reporting four or more episodes. The proportion of gram-positive and gram-negative infections was constant across episodes. In patients with multiple infections, negative organisms were found to have increased risk of recurring as gram-negative infection. A similar observation was made for fungal infections. Of patients with multiple peritonitis episodes, more than 40% of those who transferred to other maintenance renal replacement therapy identified peritonitis as the reason for transfer. A discrete time logistic model was used to estimate peritonitis risk in 4-month follow-up periods. Patients like those on the registry are estimated to have a 22% risk of developing peritonitis during any 4-month period. This risk was increased 4% for patients aged less than 21 years, 7% for nonwhite patients, and 19% in the period following a peritoneal infection.