SCORE2 Report 17: Macular Thickness Fluctuations in anti-VEGF-Treated Patients with Central or Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion
PURPOSE: To evaluate macular thickness fluctuations and their association with visual acuity outcome in eyes with macular edema (ME) secondary to central (CRVO) or hemiretinal vein occlusion (HRVO) treated initially with intravitreal aflibercept or bevacizumab.
METHODS: Post hoc analysis of 362 patients with ME secondary to CRVO or HRVO initially randomized to six monthly intravitreal injections of aflibercept or bevacizumab. Three spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) central subfield thickness (CST) fluctuation measures were investigated over Months 1-12: standard deviation (SD), number of turning points (T) for each participant, and a measure denoted as Zigzag reflecting the magnitude of alternating ups and downs in a participant's CST. Main outcome measure is Month 12 visual acuity letter score (VALS).
RESULTS: More fluctuations occurred in eyes randomized to bevacizumab than aflibercept: SD (59.98 vs 32.12; p < 0.0001), T (4.03 vs 3.53; p = 0.02) and Zigzag (24.91 vs 11.60; p = 0.0003). Month 12 VALS is significantly lower for the 4th (highest) quartile of the CST fluctuation measure than for the 1st (lowest) quartile for both SD (mean difference in VALS of 7.87; 95% confidence interval: 3.03, 12.70) and Zigzag (mean difference in VALS of 5.11; 95% confidence interval: 0.29, 9.93). SD and Zigzag quartiles were no longer significantly different after Month 1 VALS was added to the regression analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Greater CST fluctuation as assessed by SD and Zigzag was negatively associated with Month 12 VALS. However, early post-treatment VALS is a stronger predictor of VALS outcomes than the CST fluctuation measures.