A multivariate analysis of pre-, peri-, and post-transplant factors affecting outcome after pediatric liver transplantation.
McDiarmid, S.V.; Anand, R.; Martz, K.; Millis, M.J.; Mazariegos, G.
Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Graft Survival; Humans; Infant; liver transplantation; Male; Multivariate Analysis; Perioperative Period; Risk Factors; Survival Rate; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify significant, independent factors that predicted 6 month patient and graft survival after pediatric liver transplantation.SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The Studies of Pediatric Liver Transplantation (SPLIT) is a multicenter database established in 1995, of currently more than 4000 US and Canadian children undergoing liver transplantation. Previous published analyses from this data have examined specific factors influencing outcome. This study analyzes a comprehensive range of factors that may influence outcome from the time of listing through the peri- and postoperative period.METHODS: A total of 42 pre-, peri- and posttransplant variables evaluated in 2982 pediatric recipients of a first liver transplant registered in SPLIT significant at the univariate level were included in multivariate models.RESULTS: In the final model combining all baseline and posttransplant events, posttransplant complications had the highest relative risk of death or graft loss. Reoperation for any cause increased the risk for both patient and graft loss by 11 fold and reoperation exclusive of specific complications by 4 fold. Vascular thromboses, bowel perforation, septicemia, and retransplantation, each independently increased the risk of patient and graft loss by 3 to 4 fold. The only baseline factor with a similarly high relative risk for patient and graft loss was recipient in the intensive care unit (ICU) intubated at transplant. A significant center effect was also found but did not change the impact of the highly significant factors already identified.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the most significant factors predicting patient and graft loss at 6 months in children listed for transplant are posttransplant surgical complications.