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Islet Cell Transplantation in Type 1 Diabetes: An Analysis of Efficacy Outcomes and Considerations for Trial Designs


Journal Article

Tiwari, J.L.; Schneider, B.; Barton, F.; Anderson, S.A.

Am J Transplant




Clinical efficacy; Clinical trials; islet transplantation; Kaplan–Meier survival analysis; sample size; Type 1 diabetes

To estimate treatment effect size and other parameters required for planning the designs and analyses of future phase 3 islet transplant trials, we analyzed key clinical and laboratory outcomes of 347 allogeneic islet transplant recipients, using data from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR). At 1 year, approximately 59% of all transplant recipients were free of severe hypoglycemic events and maintained hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of ≤6.5%. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analyses showed that 69%, 54% and 44% of these 1-year responders maintained this composite endpoint at 2, 3 and 4 years, respectively. Ninety-one percent of all recipients were free of severe hypoglycemic episodes at 1 year. Furthermore, the KM survival estimates showed that 91%, 85% and 80% of these subjects maintained this clinical benefit at 2, 3 and 4 years, respectively. These results can be very useful in developing framework for study designs, sample size estimates, and statistical analysis plans for future pivotal trials of islet cell transplantation in type 1 diabetes.

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